You’ve probably heard about them, noticed them on your scenic drives, or walked for miles just to reach them, but how much do you actually know about these iconic landmarks found in the Black Hills?

Black Elk Peak Fire Tower

Fire Tower at the summit of Black Elk Peak

Found on the tallest peak in South Dakota is the beautifully built Black Elk Peak Fire Tower. The tower was constructed from 1935 to 1938 using stones gathered from the nearby French Creek. All the materials used to build it had to be carried up the three-mile trail using manpower and mules. Visitors to the summit can go inside the fire tower for unique views and stand on the viewing deck for rolling views of Custer State Park and beyond. The site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and makes for a rather nice reward upon reaching the top. 

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Mount Roosevelt Friendship Tower

Mount Roosevelt Friendship Tower outside of Deadwood, SD

The location originally called Sheep Mountain, now stands the Mount Roosevelt Friendship Tower, or Friendship Tower for short. This tower was built in 1919 as a memorial to President Theodore Roosevelt by his friend, and famous Deadwood Sheriff, Seth Bullock. The hope was to provide a place where people could come and enjoy the views of the wide-open spaces that both Roosevelt and Bullock loved. In 1966 the Society of Black Hills Pioneers donated the tower to the United States Forest Service and in 2005 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. 

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Rankin Ridge Fire Tower

Rankin Ridge Fire Tower in Wind Cave National Park
South Dakota Tourism

Located in the northwestern section of Wind Cave National Park, the Rankin Ridge Fire Tower was named after the parks first superintendent William A. Rankin. The tower was built in 1956 and sits on the highest point in the park at 5,013 feet. It remained in use during the fire season up until 1998. Today, it is still used periodically to look for fires or to monitor severe weather conditions. Due to safety concerns the public isn’t allowed up in the tower, but the hike and views from where it stands are worth your time. 

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Gold Mountain Mine

Gold Mountain Mine in the Black Hills National Forest

The Gold Mountain Mine is the only mining site in the Black Hills of South Dakota with the mill frame still standing. Restoration of the site started in 2009 by Forest Service employees and volunteers from the Black Hills Historic Preservation and Trust to make it safe for the public. The original mine was constructed in the 1920s and operated until 1940. 

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Flume Trail

Hiking Flume trail in the Black Hills with dogs

Due to its historical significance the Flume Trail has been designated as a National Recreation Trail, and for good reason! The Rockerville Flume was used in the 1880s during the mining boom of the Black Hills to carry water from Spring Creek over 20 miles to just outside of Rockerville, SD. The flume operated until 1885 and allowed the miners to make over $20 million in gold! Today, the trail follows along the majority of the actual flume bed. During the hike you’ll spot historic artifacts, pass through tunnels, and discover parts of the original flume. I couldn’t think of a more fascinating way to take in such an interesting piece of Black Hills history. 

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Keystone Wye Bridge

Keystone Wye Bridge in the Black Hills National Forest

Anyone driving from Rapid City to the Black Hills on Highway 16 (or reverse) will take note of the iconic Keystone Wye Bridge. Built in 1967, this laminated timber arch structure was designed by Clyde Jundt and Kenneth Wilson to harmonize with the natural surroundings. The interesting part about this bridge, and something most people don’t know, is a truck carrying three of the arches to the site for assembly tipped over. While the pieces seemed in tack, the Department of Transportation replaced them just to be safe. So what happened to these three seemingly perfect pieces? Well you probably drove past those too. They became a landmark of their own forming an arch at the turn-off for the now closed Sitting Bowl Crystal Caverns on Highway 16. 

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Beaver Creek Bridge

Visitor admiring the Beaver Creek Bridge in Wind Cave National Park

The historic Beaver Creek Bridge can be found two miles north of the Wind Cave Visitor Center on S.D. Highway 87. Spanning one of the two perennial streams that flow through Wind Cave, this bridge was built in 1929 to provide travelers easy access the newly developing Custer State Park. The builders wanted this bridge to create an illusion that the concrete arches emerged naturally from the rock walls of the canyon. It is the only bridge of its particular arch type in South Dakota, and when it was built it was the longest and most complex of its kind in the whole state.

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There are so many iconic landmarks found throughout the Black Hills. From fire towers to mountain tunnels and so much more, explore as many as you can and learn their history to add wonderful memories to your adventures in the Rapid City area. For more historic stops and outdoor adventures you can have in our area scroll down to the related content section!